Causes and Prevention of Nail Brittleness

Broken nail on a woman’s hand with a manicure on a green background.

Nail brittleness, or the tendency of nails to break, split or crack easily, can be caused by several factors. Some of the common causes include:

  1. Nutritional deficiencies: A lack of essential vitamins and minerals such as biotin, vitamin B, iron, and zinc can lead to brittle nails.
  2. Excessive exposure to water: Frequent exposure to water can weaken the nails and cause them to become brittle.
  3. Overuse of nail polish and nail polish remover: Harsh chemicals in nail polish and nail polish remover can weaken the nails and cause them to become brittle over time.
  4. Age: As we age, our nails become thinner and more brittle, making them more prone to breaking and splitting.
  5. Medical conditions: Certain medical conditions such as anemia, thyroid problems, and psoriasis can cause nail brittleness.

To prevent nail brittleness, you can take several steps:

  1. Eat a balanced diet rich in essential vitamins and minerals, especially biotin, vitamin B, iron, and zinc.
  2. Keep your nails clean and dry, and avoid prolonged exposure to water.
  3. Use gentle nail products and avoid harsh chemicals found in nail polish and nail polish remover.
  4. Protect your nails from trauma by wearing gloves while doing household chores or working with your hands.
  5. Moisturize your nails regularly with a nourishing hand cream or cuticle oil.
  6. Avoid biting your nails or picking at your cuticles, as this can weaken the nails and make them more prone to breakage.

By taking these preventative measures, you can help keep your nails strong and healthy, and reduce the risk of nail brittleness.

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